The routine neutering of both male and female dogs and cats is regarded as the correct thing to do,for both social and health reasons.
When there are still too many puppies and kittens abandoned or living a feral existence, it makes sense to stop this happening.
Neutering your pet will help him/her to be a happier and healthier member of society.
Bitches female dogs
A bitch usually has her first season between 6-12 months old. Some practices will neuter a bitch before her first season but some practices prefer
to let a bitch have her first season and then neuter her 3 months after the season has finished.There are good reasons in favour of both approaches.
Social reasons for neutering are to prevent unwanted pregnancies and unwanted puppies.Whilst a bitch is in season, she needs to be kept away from other dogs and may possibly try to escape to get to dogs herself. A bitch in season is a draw to other dogs and could cause accidents.
If a bitch is neutered she can avoid certain medical problems, some of which are potentially fatal.
Pyometra - This is a womb infection when the womb can fill with pus and make the bitch very poorly.
Mammary Tumour -These are growths that occur in or around the nipples and mammary tissue.
False Pregnancy- After a bitch has had a season she will sometimes then have a false pregnancy when her nipples become swollen and can leak milk. Also they can have a change of temperament and become very stressed and broody. Sometimes they can become aggressive towards their owners.
A spayed bitch may live for up to 2 years longer than an entire bitch!
Dogs male dogs
Most dogs become sexually mature between 6 and 18 months, the bigger the breed, the older they are when they mature.
They produce the hormone Testosterone which makes some dogs very 'male' with all the sexual drive that can make their behaviour anti social.
Social reasons for castrating a dog are to prevent unwanted puppies, to stop dogs from wandering and in some cases to curb aggression.
If a dog is castrated he can avoid certain medical conditions, some of which are potentially fatal.
Testicular Cancer- This condition has to be treated by surgery,the cancer mainly occurs in older dogs when surgical risks are higher.
Prostatitis - This is an infection in a small gland inside the back passage (rectum) of the dog.
Anal Adenoma- This is a growth which occurs in the area of skin between the testicles and anus and can become very swollen and ulcerous. This can also involve the muscles of the anus and the dog may become incontinent.
A castrated dog may live for up to 2 years longer than an entire dog.
Queens female cats
Queens usually start calling (come into season) from 5-6 months onwards. Most queens are spayed at 5-6 months old, usually before they call for the first time.
Social reasons for spaying queens are mainly to prevent unwanted kittens. Entire queens will go looking for tomcats and often get involved in fights. The risk of contracting FIV or FeLV are increased.
Unneutered queens can possibly develop a PYOMETRA or MAMMARY TUMOURS.
Toms male cats
Tom cats are usually castrated at 5-6 months old.
Social reasons for castrating cats are to reduce unwanted kittens,to prevent toms going off in search of queens and fighting for male dominance. Also neutered toms are less likely to spray in the house and their urine does not have the strong 'tom cat' smell.Neutered toms are not as territorial as entire toms and therefore do not wander so far or get into as many fights.
Uncastrated cats tend to mix with many different cats and this increases their chance of contracting FIV or FeLV which are passed on through cat bites via the saliva.